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Posts Tagged ‘Petit Chartres’

By halving a 7 circuit labyrinth in labyrinthine logic, as it was successful for the 5 circuit Chartres labyrinth.

The 7 circuit Chartres labyrinth

The 7 circuit Chartres labyrinth

The 4th circuit cuts the labyrinth in two parts. Then I receive an external (circuits 1 – 3) and an internal labyrinth (circuits 5 – 7). Both are identical in its path sequences. Even if the “barriers” are at different places.

Two 3 circuit Chartres labyrinths

Two 3 circuit Chartres labyrinths

The path sequence defines the type: 3-2-1-2-3-2-1-4. It is identical for both versions. This 3-2-1-4 reminds very much of the smallest possible labyrinth: the Knossos labyrinth (and of the meander).
If I leave out the barriers, I receive this labyrinth. This once again shows the quality of the Chartres labyrinth.

To make the layout more appealing, I can arrange the barriers in steady distances, in a way make a labyrinth with three arms.

The 3 circuit Chartres labyrinth (Petit Chartres)

The 3 circuit Chartres labyrinth (Petit Chartres)

This is the smallest possible version of a Chartres labyrinth. And there are just two barriers possible for it. Otherwise it does not work. Also three are not possible, but with four barriers it works aganin.

How should one name this type now? I suggest Petit Chartres because it is a sort of a basic element of the Chartres labyrinth. Still other names are conceivable.

It am speaking here about the type and not about the style. The petals in the middle and the lunations around the perimeter belong to the style.

To create this labyrinth is possible in a variety of ways, not necessarily in the manner described. For more read also the related posts below.

There is even a copyrighted labyrinth of this kind: The Story Path©. Warren Lynn and John Ridder of Paxworks have developed it and call the style “3-circuit-triune”. I do not know how they have found it.

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Just like the labyrinth from Ravenna, the Wayland’s House labyrinth is also a historical type of labyrinth with 4 arms and 7 circuits. There exist even two different Wayland’s House labyrinths (figure 1).

Figure 1. The Two Wayland’s House Labyrinths

 

I have named them as Wayland’s House 1 and Wayland’s House 2. Wayland’s House 1 first appeared in a manuscript of the 14th century, Wayland’s House 2 in a manuscript of the 15th century, both from Iceland. This can be easily looked up in Kern. In the following I refer to Wayland’s House 1.

In this type of labyrinth, the pathway does not enter on the first circuit and does not reach the center from the last circuit either. Therefore it is an interesting labyrinth. And also the complementary of it is an interesting labyrinth. This, however, is not the most important reason for why I present this type of labyrinth and its’ relatives here. Whereas no existing examples of any relative of the Ravenna labyrinth are known, there exists a contemporary type of labyrinth for each, the dual, complementary and complementary-dual of the Wayland’s House labyrinth.

Figure 2 shows the patterns of the original Wayland’s House labyrinth (a), the dual (b), complementary (c) and complementary-dual (d) labyrinths.

Figure 2. The Relatives of the Wayland’s House Type – Patterns

The original (a) and dual (b) both are interesting labyrinths. The complementaries of them, (c) and (d), are likewise interesting labyrinths.

Figure 3 shows the labyrinths corresponding to the patterns in their basic form with the walls delimiting the pathway shown on concentric layout and in clockwise rotation.

Figure 3. The Relatives of the Wayland’s House Type – Basic Forms

The relatives of the Wayland’s House type (a) are three of the so-called neo-medieval labyirnth types (there are other neo-medieval types of labyrinths too). These relatives are: dual (b) = „Petit Chartres“, complementary (c) = „Santa Rosa“, and complementary-dual (d) = „World Peace“ labyrinth.

So these contemporary types of labyrinths can be easily generated simply by rotating or mirroring of the pattern of Wayland’s House. This having stated I do not mean to pretend, these types of labyrinths have intentionally or knowingly been derived in such a way from the Wayland’s House type. Rather, available information suggests that they were created in a naive way, i.e without their designers having known about this relationship with the Wayland’s House type labyrinth. Nevertheless, actually, these modern neo-medieval labyrinths are the relatives of Wayland’s House.

The Wayland’s House labyrinth at first glance has some similarities with the Chartres type labyrinth. However it is not self dual and its course of the pathway is guided by an other principle yet. And this applies to its relatives too. Therefore the choice of the name „Petit Chartres“ to me seems inconvenient. It seems like this name was chosen because this type of labyrinth originally was designed in the Chartres-style. So this type seems to have been named after its style.

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