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Posts Tagged ‘Knidos labyrinth’

To say it more exactly, here I relate to the 21 row-shaped visceral labyrinths, still known from some of the previous articles (see Related Posts below).

The appearance is defined by the circuit or path sequence. With that one can construct the different and new labyrinth types (here 21). To this I use the once before presented method to draw a labyrinth (see below).

The path and the limitation lines are equally wide. The center is bigger. The last piece of the path leads vertically into the center. All elements are connected next to each other without sharp bends and geometrically correct. There are only straight lines and curves. This all on the smallest place possible. All together makes up the Knidos style.

Look at a single picture in a bigger version by clicking on it:

I think that by this style the movement pattern of every labyrinth becomes especially well recognizable. With that they can be compared more easy with the already known labyrinths.

Remarkably for me it is that only one specimen (E 3384 v_6) begins with the first circuit. And the fact that many directly circle around the middle and, finally, from the first circuit the center directly is reached. Noticeably are also the many vertical straight and parallel pieces in the middle section.

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11 days after the World Labyrinth Day the new lawn Labyrinth was initiated solemly on a meadow  between house 4 and house 20 in the university medical centre of Magdeburg on the 18th of May, 2016.

So there is also a Classical, Cretan 7 Circuit labyrinth in the Knidos style besides the 11 Circuit pavement labyrinth of the Chartres type in front of the west portal of the Magdeburg Cathedral. The Knidos Labyrinth has a larger middle than the usuall Classical labyrinths, here it amounts to the fourfold of the dimension between axes of 90 cm.

There have been long and intensive consultations and preconsiderations before building the labyrinth. The driving force behind the project was the therapist of the university hospital for psychiatry and psychotherapy Uta Bittkau. She managed the conviction work and she did the fundraising. She found committed contributors in Ute Zeising, employee in the area of Building care, Stefan Feige, leader of the central project office and Marcus Bursian, manager of the company Grünland Landschaftsbau GmbH.

I was enabled to contribute the draught for the labyrinth. The paths are 50 cm wide and built of grit, seperated by grass strips of 40 cm width. The whole diameter is 16 m and the path length into the middle amounts to 213 m.
The assiduous gardeners of the company Grünland Landschaftsbau GmbH lead by Marcus Bursian implemented the blueprint. They will also be responsible for the care.

Layout drawing of the Knidos labyrinth

Layout drawing of the Knidos labyrinth

The speakers at the inauguration ceremony were Daniela Süssmann (landscape architect), Jens Hennicke (manager of the engineer health insurance Saxony-Anhalt), as well as the present hospital manager Prof. Dr. med. Thomas Frodl from the university hospital for psychiatry and psychotherapy and his predecessor Prof. em. Dr. med. Bernhard Bogerts. They were all supporting the project on different levels.

Claudia Schmidt and her group sang a mantra, as well as the labyrinth music from “canela” accompanied the first, solemn walk into the labyrinth.

May the new turf labyrinth be a place of rest and reflection and unfold its possibilities of self-awareness and orientation for all visitors.

Here some impressions of the inauguration:

Click in any photo in order to enlarge it and open the photo gallery. If you want to finish and return to the post click on “X” in the top left corner of the black background or the “Esc” key on your keyboard.

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Sometimes you will get a diamond-shaped, empty element in the middle part of a Knidos labyrinth which is formed normally by a cross. This happens when all the paths have the same width and the walls are aligned to them. This form arises because the four turning points form a square.
A shift of the rhomb may also result if one brings into line the entrance axis (of the path into the labyrinth) and the entry axis into the center of the labyrinth with the main axis of the labyrinth figure. In the “twisted labyrinth” I have demonstrated this already once (see related posts below).

If one wants to give a certain shape to this “empty form”, one can play with the position of the turning points. I have done this to get the “form-fitting” labyrinth. All elements are arcs, however, the four turning points do not lie any more in a square.

The suggestion for this labyrinth dates to the logo sketched by the Swiss artist Agnes Barmettler with the woman in the labyrinth for the public women’s places.

The logo for the public women's places

The logo for the public women’s places

Such a labyrinth can be drawn nicely, but is hard to build, above all as a big labyrinth. Hence, I have tried to develop the shape for this labyrinth with geometrical elements only. Some imagination is asked of course. Anyway, the “empty space” offers creative leeway.

The "form-fitting" Knidos Labyrinth

The “form-fitting” Knidos Labyrinth

The following layout drawing for a sort of prototype shows the geometrical qualities in detail.

Who looks accurately and compares to the original Knidos labyrinth, recognises that one segment less arises. The turning point below on the right is laid in the lengthening of the line from the midpoint of the center and the upper right turning point. The usually narrow “cake piece” is thereby lost in this area.

The drawing

The drawing

Who would like to build such a labyrinth, is invited warmly to it. The drawing contains all that is neccessary. Indeed, one can also use other parametres, because the labyrinth is scaleable. The underlying values are based on the dimension between axes of 1 m. This means that all details changes proportionally (are reduced or extended). If one wants, e.g., a half as big labyrinth, one multiplies all measures by 0.5. One can even proceed in such a way with “crooked” numbers to get the desired result.

Here you may see, print, save, copy the PDF file of the drawing

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Only from above one recognises best the structure and the beauty of a labyrinth. For birds this is no problem, but still for us. We have this look maybe as a skydiver, paraglider, passenger in a balloon or an airplane? This is why I am glad that I can show now some labyrinths from the bird’s-eye view. I owe this to my son, which is owner of such a new “aircraft” with camera below, and generously has made some overflights.

Along the waterfront of the river Main (Mainlände) are still standing the sculptures of this year’s sculptor’s symposium to the subject Panta rhei (everything flows). The contribution of  the the kindergarten children Saint Sebastian to this was a first with sawdust scattered Knidos labyrinth on a meadow near the volleyball court, that now is cut.

Knidos Labyrinth at the "Mainlände" Dettelbach

Knidos Labyrinth at the “Mainlände” Dettelbach, photo: Tobias Reißmann

The second labyrinth of the same type is found on a meadow below the pilgrimage church “Maria im Sand”. The entrance is beside the sculpture “Fremder” (stranger), and the labyrinth is aligned to the sculpture “Jakobsstein” (Jakob’s Stone) standing there to represent the end of the Dettelbach sculpture way “Pilgervolk” (pilgrim’s People) from the symposium in 2005.

Knidos Labyrinth at the church "Maria im Sand" Dettelbach

Knidos Labyrinth at the church “Maria im Sand” Dettelbach, photo: Tobias Reißmann

At the beginning of the year  we made some overflights from other labyrinths. The videos can be watched on Youtube.

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Here the Knidos labyrinth of Saint Alfons in Würzburg:

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Here the Medieval labyrinth of Münsterschwarzach:

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Here the Roman labyrinth of Retzbach:

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Also in Google Earth one can sometimes see labyrinths if the quality of the satellite pictures is good enough. The knowledge of the geographic coordinates of a labyrinth (virtually their house number and address) quite help to the search.

Here the labyrinth of type Baltic wheel at the Mönchbergschule in Würzburg in an interactive map:

I owe an other nice view from above to my son-in-law who was on the move as passenger in a balloon just over a year ago, and by chance discovered the labyrinth at Eisingen. The photos are to be seen in the post quoted below.

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On the Labyrinth Congress 2003 in Zürich (Switzerland) I got to know the Theaterwerkstatt (theater workshop) Eisingen. They performed the masque “Labyrinth”.
At this the wish to install a permament labyrinth in the Saint Josefs-Stift Eisingen was woken up. Two years later I could contribute my part to it by making the design.

On the 5th of May, 2005 the labyrinth was introduced in Eisingen to the public.

In the meantime, more than 8 years have passed. Time to have a look at it once again. Especially successful this works, e.g., from a balloon. My children recently had a single opportunity. Thus I owe these miraculous pictures to my son-in-law who could take them in the light of the setting sun on the 28th of August, 2013. Many thanks for it.

The St. Josefs-Stift with the labyrinth

The St. Josefs-Stift with the labyrinth, Photo © Robert Knötgen

The labyrinth in 2013

The labyrinth in 2013, Photo © Robert Knötgen

Here the layout drawing and the technical data. The path’s width (between the axes) is 1.50 m. The center has the fourfold of the path width, so 6 m. The whole diameter is 27 m. The way into the the middle amounts to 354 m. The geographic position is a N 49° 45′ 20.8″, E 9° 50′ 25.4″.

Layout drawing 2005

Layout drawing 2005

Meanwhile the labyrinth is also to be seen on Google Earth. Here in a taking from 2008:

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On the 10th of September, 2012 a new labyrinth was inaugurated at the highest point of the municipality of Tittling in Lower Bavaria (Germany), on the Blümersberg.  The pilgrims’ path attendants Renate Simmet-Burghart and Eva Reif had the idea to offer a labyrinth as a spiritual tool.

Tittling is a station of the European Via Nova pilgrims’ path who runs between Austria, Bavaria and Czechia. The labyrinth of granite stones was built with the vigorous support of the municipal builder’s yard.

From the Blümersberg one has a nice panorama in all four directions, to the hills of the Bavarian Forest in the north, and to the Austrian mountains in the south. A cross, surrounded by lime-trees and benches, is situated beside the reservoir of the water supply. From here steps lead to the meadow with the labyrinth on the cover of the reservoir. There is a small footpath, passing a  memorial stone for Tittlings freemen, to a little view hill at 575-m height. A total of 7 boards with short statements to the labyrinth surround the whole.

The layout

The layout

The classical labyrinth has 7 circuits and a bigger middle (Knidos labyrinth). The diameter amounts to 17 metres, the center with three differently high granite stones has 3 metres. The paved paths are 40 cm wide and run between 60 cm wide grass stripes. The distance from the entrance to the center is about 224 metres.

The following slide show serves as an illustration:

This slideshow requires JavaScript.

Here a labyrinth walk  on Youtube (please be patient, as it takes more than 4 minutes to reach the center):

The exact location of the labyrinth is: N 48 ° 43′ 50.5″, E 13 ° 22′ 58.0″.

The surroundings from above, as seen on Google Earth:

[googlemaps https://maps.google.de/maps?hl=de&ll=48.730648,13.382703&spn=0.00828,0.013797&t=h&z=16&output=embed&w=425&h=350]

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The new labyrinth has now an own front door in the fence around the monastery gardens near the Saint Alfons church. It is situated along the Mittlerer Neubergweg, which is connected with the Mathias-Ehrenfriedstraße. Everybody is invited to visit the labyrinth. It is opened from dask to dawn.

On the 18th of September, 2011 was the inauguration.
Here some impressions:

Picture 1

Picture 1

Picture 2

Picture 2

Picture 3

Picture 3

Picture 4

Picture 4

Picture 5

Picture 5

Picture 6

Picture 6

In the meantime, the local newspaper Main-Post has reported about the labyrinth and there was also a short contribution on the citizen radio last Sunday.
The radio broadcast of the editorial staff of the diocese Würzburg from the 23rd of October, 2011 in the series Cappuccino on radio Charivari Würzburg (translated from German):

Labyrinth at Würzburg

At first sight it looks a little bit bewildering: The form of a winding labyrinth. Who stands before it, tries to recognise the right way. But this is not so easy at all!
The labyrinth – a very expressive symbol which is already known for over 3000 years. Originally emerged probably around the Mediterranean.
During the last years there is a sort of „labyrinth Renaissance” – in towns like Zurich, for example.
Petra Langer has got to know from a new labyrinth in the Würzburg district Keesburg.
Curiously she moved off

I accompanied her.

Petra Langer in front of the labyrinth

Petra Langer in front of the labyrinth

Here the podcast of the broadcasting from October 23, 2011 (in German)

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