My co-author Andreas Frei reported in his last article about the labyrinth drawing rejected by Sigmund Gossembrot on folio 53 v. And thereby made the amazing discovery that in it principles of design have been applied to which so far not one known historical labyrinth was developed.
Not for the sector labyrinths of the Roman labyrinths or the various Medieval ones. Even among the contemporary labyrinths (for example, the London Underground’s 266 new types by Mark Wallinger), this new type does not show up.
However, the labyrinth derived by Andreas Frei has some extraordinary features that I would like to describe here in more detail.
First of all see a representation of the new type in concentric style:
Contained is the classic 7 circuit labyrinth, as it can be developed from the basic pattern. In the upper area and in the two side parts 3 barriers are inserted, which run over 4 courses and again create 6 new turning points. These barriers are arranged very evenly, they form an isosceles cross. This significantly changes the layout.
The entrance to the labyrinth is on lane 3, then in the 1st quadrant on the lower left side you immediately go to the lanes 6, 5, 4 and 7. Thereby the center is completely encircled (in all 4 quadrants).
In the 4th quadrant on the bottom right, you go back over the lanes 6, 3, 2 through the remaining quadrants to the 1st quadrant.
From here, you go around the whole labyrinth, in the 4th quadrant, you quickly reach the center via the lanes 4 and 5.
Twice the entrance is touched very closely: at the transition from lane 2 to 1 in the 1st quadrant and at the transition from lane 1 to 4 in the 4th quadrant.
Fascinating are also the two whole “orbits” in lanes 7 and 1. The two semicircles in lane 2 are remarkable too. Lanes 3, 4 and 5 are only circled in quarter circles.
All this results in a unique rhythm in the route, which appears very dynamic and yet balanced.
Of course, this is hard to understand on screen or in the drawing alone. Therefore, it would be very desirable to be able to walk such a labyrinth in real life.
So far there is no such labyrinth. Who makes the beginning?
This type can also be centered very well. This means that the input axis and the entrance axis can be centrally placed on a common central axis. This results in a small open area, which is also referred to as the heart space.
Also in Knidos style, this type can be implemented nicely. This makes it even more compact. However, the input axis is slightly shifted to the left, as it is also the case in the original.
Here the way, Ariadne’s thread has the same width everywhere.
And here, as a suggestion to build such a labyrinth, the design drawing for a prototype with 1 m axle jumps. The smallest radius is 0.5 m, the next one is 1 m larger.
With a total of 11 centers, the different sectors with different radii can be constructed.
The total diameter is depending on the width of the path at about 18 m, the path length would be 225 m.
As the axes of the path are dimensioned, Ariadne’s thread is constructed.
All dimensions are scalable. This means that the labyrinth easily can be enlarged or reduced.
And here you may download or print the drawing as a PDF file.