I got the photos and most information in this article from Jagpreet Singh from Mumbai in India. I had like to say a big thank you to him.
He was on a religious trip to Nanded in February 2013.
Jagpreet Singh reported:
I visited nearly 10 – 12 historical Gurudwaras in and around Nanded. Most of the big Gurudwaras in India have geometrical designs in the Parikrama, like the Golden Temple in Amritsar. I was really intrigued when I discovered as many as 7 labyrinths during the Parikramas (the walk around) in the different Gurudwaras.
The commonality in many of these was that they were on the left hand side of the entrance of the Temples. However, all of them were of a different design and size in the center. While some labyrinths were approx. 6 feet by 6 feet, there was one which was approx. 20 feet by 20 feet – a person can actually do the labyrinths’ walk. There was one that was approx. 4 feet by 4 feet also.
As to the material used to make them: All have been made of marble of different colours.
Even though the Gurudwaras are approx. 300 years old, all of them have gone through a major renovation in 2007-2008, (just before the 300 year centenary of the 10th Guru of the Sikhs – Guru Gobind Singh). So I am not sure if the labyrinths are a new addition or have been there all along.
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All photos with kind permission of Jagpreet Singh. © by Jagpreet Singh.
On the photos I could identify five different labyrinths. Four follow the pattern shown below, only one deviates from it.
They are square, the entrance is situated on the first circuit which leads clockwise around the whole figure. In the four corners are convexities in angular or circular shapes. From the last circuit one reaches the middle which is a little bigger and is mostly still decorated with geometrical patterns.
The path sequence is: 0-1-4-3-2-5-6-7. One recognises in it the relationship with the classical 3 circuit labyrinth type Knossos.
The designers of the labyrinths are (still) unknown, also the intended purpose. Are they pure ornaments or, nevertheless, suited for rituals? Are they influenced by the western culture or from Indian origin?
Maybe somebody knows more about these labyrinths?
In the next Caerdroia Jeff Saward has intended a publication about this and other labyrinths in India. Maybe we get to know then more?
- Sikh Gurus
- Guru Gobind Singh
- Gurudwara Hazur Sahib – Nanded
- Gurudwara Nagina Ghat Sahib – Nanded
- Gurudwara Banda Ghat – Nanded
- Gurudwara Mata Sahib – Nanded
- Gurudwara Shikar Ghat Sahib – Nanded
- Gurudwara Hira Ghat Sahib – Nanded
- Gurudwara Nanaksar – Nanded