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Welcome to the Labyrinth

The theme of this blog is the labyrinth in almost all aspects. It has been around since 2008. Since 2012 Andreas Frei from Switzerland is part of it. About once a month a new post should appear.

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In a blog, the individual articles (posts) are arranged chronologically: the oldest at the back, the newest at the front. The structure is thus different from a website, where everything is always in the same place.

If you’re looking for something specific about labyrinths or just want to know what’s actually on the blog, you might like to have some sort of table of contents.

This now exists and can be found as the Contents tab in the menu under the cover image next to the About us tab.

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Most images and graphics are created by Andreas Frei and me (Erwin Reißmann), unless otherwise noted, and are provided under the license CC BY-NC-SA 4.0.

How to Make a 5 Circuit Knidos Labyrinth with one Rope

There is already something on this blog for a 3 or 7 circuit labyrinth. But not yet for a 5 circuit one.

As is well known, there are eight possibilities for a 5 circuit labyrinth (see Related Posts below). The best one for the purpose here seems to me to be the variant with the path sequence 0-5-2-3-4-1-6. Because in this case there are no crossing lines and it has only two turning points. That is, it consists of a single line. That is why it is best suited to be laid with a rope.

This is how the 5 circuit classical labyrinth in Knidos-style (with a larger center) might present itself:

The 5 circuit Knidos labyrinth
The 5 circuit Knidos labyrinth

Below are some notes on the more precise construction method. For this, I have assumed an axis dimension of 50 cm (corresponding to the path width) and chosen four times this for the center. This results in a total diameter of 14 x 0.50 m = 7.00 m.
Here are the main elements first:

The construction elements
The construction elements

There are therefore a total of 3 midpoints around which the lines run in different radii. These must be determined first. Because they determine the appearance of the labyrinth. The entrance, the center and the orientation of the central axis.

Here are the associated dimensions for defining the three midpoints:

The dimensions
The dimensions

With this, starting from the center around M1 from M2 to M3 (or vice versa), the line can now be marked out, or the rope laid out.

The costruction drawing once again contains all the dimensions, as well as the radii of the various arch elements.

The construction drawing
The construction drawing

Here is the construction drawing as a PDF file for download.


Now, if it’s about a certain labyrinth at a certain place, the dimensions can easily be changed. I can make the labyrinth larger or smaller. For this I have to calculate a scaling factor. How this is done will be explained in more detail.
If the labyrinth shall have a diameter of about 9.00 m, I calculate the scaling factor with 9.00 : 7.00 = 1.2857142. By multiplying with this factor I can determine all other dimensions. For the axis dimension (= path width), I would then have 0.50 x 1.2857142 = 0.6428571. This would also be the minimum radius for the curved sections. This is not very clever. 0.65 would be better, wouldn’t it? So I calculate a new factor with 0.65 : 0.50 = 1.3. Then I would have 7.00 x 1.3 = 9.10 as diameter and 67.75 x 1.3 = 88.075 as lines, or rope length. All other dimensions in the construction drawing would then have to be recalculated with this factor.

But if I have, for example, only one rope of about 55 m length, I would have to reduce the whole. The factor would be 55.00 : 67.75 = 0.8118081. The path width would then be 0.50 x 0.8118081 = 0.405904. This is again not so happy. I prefer to use 0.8 as a factor and get 67.75 x 0.8 = 54.2 m. The diameter would then be 7.00 x 0.8 = 5.60. Again, all other dimensions have to be recalculated accordingly.

So I can perform calculations according to different points of view.

Related Posts

Another Labyrinth with Pseudo Single-Barriers

In my previously shown labyrinths the pathway takes its course through all pseudo single-barriers in the same direction. In the pattern this course is from top left to bottom right, as shown in fig. 1 from my last post. Correspondingly, in the labyrinth, the path runs in clockwise direction from an outside circuit to a circuit more inside the labyrinth. 

Figure 1. Previous Courses of the Pathway
Figure 1. Previous Courses of the Pathway

This raises the question whether other arrangements of the pseudo single-barriers are possible, such that the path may also take courses from inside out or in anticlockwise direction. In fig. 2, I show such a labyrinth. This is self-dual and has 4 axes, 9 circuits and 2 pseudo single-barriers in each side-axis. 

Figure 2. Labyrinth with 4 Axes, 9 Circuits and 2 Pseudo Single-Barriers at each Side Axis
Figure 2. Labyrinth with 4 Axes, 9 Circuits and 2 Pseudo Single-Barriers at each Side Axis

Here, we have the following courses (fig. 3):

  • from top left to bottom right at the first axis upper barrier and at the third axis lower barrier
  • from bottom left to top right at the first axis lower barrier and at the third axis upper barrier 
  • from bottom right to top left at the second axis. 
Figure 3. Different Courses through the Single-Barriers
Figure 3. Different Courses through the Single-Barriers

However, a course from top right to bottom left is missing.

Related Posts:

World Labyrinth Day 2022

Once again (for the 14th time) the Labyrinth Society invites us to celebrate World Labyrinth Day:
World Labyrinth Day is an annual event sponsored by The Labyrinth Society as a worldwide action to “walk as one at 1” local time to create a rolling wave of peaceful energy across the globe. Every year on the first Saturday in May thousands of people around the globe participate in World Labyrinth Day as a moving meditation for world peace and celebration of the labyrinth experience. Many “Walk as One at 1” local time to create a rolling wave of peaceful energy passing from one time zone to the next.

This year, it is in Saturday, May 7, 2022

The call of the Labyrinth Society
The call of the Labyrinth Society

More information here … Link >


The 2nd annual Big Connection:

Building labyrinth communities for Service to Ourselves and our Planet

The call to Big Connection
The call to Big Connection

More information here … Link >


For many, however, it will also be possible, as usual, to walk a labyrinth.

No matter how, World Labyrinth Day 2022 can be celebrated.

If you are looking for a labyrinth near you, maybe you will find one here:

Related Post

Labyrinths With Pseudo Single Barriers – Modifications

In my last post, I have shown some labyrinths with pseudo single barriers. All these labyrinths have two long connections along the main axis from the entrance of the pathway to the innermost circuit and, symmetrically, from the outermost circuit to the center. Especially in bigger labyrinths, this gives a rigid appareance to the main axis. Here, one would like to see a more rhythmic design – let’s say similar to the labyrinths of the Chartres or Reims types for example. 

Such a modification is, in fact, possible. I will show this, first, with the example of the labyrinth with five axes and 9 circuits from my last post (fig. 1). In the left image, the modifications to the original pattern are highlighted in red. The pathway is directed on the third circuit into the labyrinth, makes a turn at the first axis back to the main axis and continues there to the innermost circuit. By this, the turn at the first axis is transformed from a pseudo to a real single barrier. No other changes are made to the remaining course of the pathway. As the labyrinth is self-dual, a similar correction can be applied to the other side of the pattern. The right image shows the modified pattern. 

Figure 1. Modifications
Figure 1. Modifications

Figure 2 shows the labyrinth that corresponds with the modified pattern. By this modification of the original course of the pathway, the main axis is loosened up and two pseudo single barriers are replaced with real single barriers. 

Figure 2. Labyrinth With Five Axes, 9 Circuits, and Real and Pseudo Single Barriers
Figure 2. Labyrinth With Five Axes, 9 Circuits, and Real and Pseudo Single Barriers

This gives a more balanced design to the whole labyrinth. 

Related Posts: